Our attorneys all come from technical backgrounds. We hold advanced science and engineering degrees and practiced as researchers and engineers in the field. Our technical expertise and experience spans a wide range of areas including electrical engineering, computer software and hardware, physics and optics, and mechanical and biomedical devices. Examples include consumer electronics, modular smart phones, telecommunications, data storage systems, computer/network security systems and data security protocols, semiconductors (including semiconductor integrated circuit design and semiconductor photolithography), hardware and software, internet technologies, artificial intelligence and machine learning, energy, control systems, mechanical and medical devices, and optics and optical systems. Additionally, each of our attorneys has prior experience at both large and small intellectual property law firms, including patent prosecution and patent litigation experience, and experience performing in-house roles at large and small technology companies.